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Authors: Irfan, Muhammad
Keywords: Political Science
Issue Date: 2016
Series/Report no.: ;4368
Abstract: Military is the most imperative organization in Pakistan.Its main duty is to preserve the state beside external dangers as well as also responsible to help out the executive in domestic matters only when needed. Since its commencement Pakistan has been pursuit for searching a possible and energetic democratic system. A system that attributes participatory governance, sovereign parliament, free, fair and regular elections, supremacy of the constitution, rule of law, independent judiciary, constructive opposition, accountability and the multiparty system But unfortunately during the civilian rules, the process of democratization has been slow because of self-serving politicians and political parties supported the system at the conceptual and the normative basis, did not try to strengthen the democratic culture and strengthen the civil and democratic institutions. Consequently, in the eve of this undemocratic culture and weak civil institutions, military takeover thecountry four times directly in (1958-1969), (1969-1971), (1977-1988), and (1999-2008) and in contrast of that in the remaining years the army mostly acted as a king maker. Now the present condition is that army still has an upper hand in security, foreign policy and defense matters. To counter the military rule and its influence from politics, politicians and political parties should adopt the democratic culture and values. We should empower our civilian and democratic institutions. Accountability should exist from across the board. All the institutions should depoliticize. Free and fair election should be ensured through independent Election Commission in order to prevent the rigging.Mandate of the people should be accepted.The present research focuses on the military inventions in Pakistan.It aims to study the reasons of th repetition of the military inventions in Pakistan..
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